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Saturday, January 1, 2011

M.A/M.Sc. Geography

University of Kashmir
NAAC Accredited Grade “A”
P.G. Department of Geography & Regional Development
(DST-FIST Sponsored Department)
(UGC-SAP Funded Department)

PG Entrance Test Syllabus of Geography -2013

SECTION-I                                                                                                                04 Marks
1. The nature, objectives and relevance of Geography
2. Various Branches of Physical and Human Geography
3. Determinism, Possibilism, Pragmatism, Radicalism, Positivism, Behaviouralism, Humanism and Quantitative approach
4. Dualism in Geography:- Regional / Systematic, Physical / Human, Historical / Contemporary
5. Races of the world- their physical and socio-economic characteristics
6. Major religious groups of the world
7. Early economic activities of mankind- (Food gathering, hunting, fishing, vegeculture and shifting cultivation)
8. Human adaptation to environment:- Eskimos, Bushman, Gujjars, Gonds

SECTION-II                                                                                                               04 Marks
1. Structure of Earth’s Interior- a. Seismological evidence; b. Zoning of Earth
2. Wegner’s theory of Continental Drift
3. Seafloor spreading, Isostasy
4. Plate Tectonic theory
5. Earth movements:- Orogenic and Epeirogenic
6. Concept of cycle of erosion by W.M. Davis
7. Geological Time scale

SECTION-III                                                                                                             04 Marks
1. Origin, classification, types and characteristics of rocks
2. Earthquakes:- origin, types and measurement
3. Exogenetic and Endogenetic processes
4. Volcanoes:- Origin, types, distribution and effects of volcanic activity
5. Weathering:- classification and types


6. Mass Movement:- Factors and Type
7. Landforms associated with Fluvial, Glacial, Arid and Karst cycles

SECTION-IV                                                                                                              04 Marks
1. Composition and structure of the atmosphere; Insolation and global energy budget
2. Vertical, horizontal and seasonal distribution of temperature
3. Atmospheric Pressure and winds, Vertical and horizontal distribution of pressure
4. Planetary, periodic and local winds
5. Climatic classifications; Basis of Koppen’s classification
6. Atmospheric moisture, humidity, evaporation and condensation
7. Types of Precipitation, World patterns of rainfall:- regional and seasonal distribution
8. Air masses and fronts, concept, classification and properties
9. Tropical and temperate cyclones, Thunderstorms and tornadoes

SECTION-V                                                                                                               04 Marks
1. Surface configuration of the ocean floor- continental shelf, continental slope, abyssal plain, mid- oceanic ridges and oceanic trenches
2. Hydrological cycle
3. Relief of Atlantic, Pacific and Indian Oceans
4. Distribution of temperature and salinity of oceans and seas
5. Waves, tides and currents:- Currents of the Atlantic, pacific and Indian Oceans
6. Marine deposits; Oceans as store house of resources for the future
7. Coral reefs and Atolls
8. Global warming; El-Nino:- general causes, consequences and measures of control

SECTION-VI                                                                                                              04 Marks
1. Population:- Structure and Composition
2. World distribution pattern:- Physical, Economic, Demographic and Social factors
3. Population:- Growth, density and occupational structure of India
4. Concept of overpopulation, under population, optimum population and zero population growth
5. Migration- definition and types
6. Population theories:- Malthus’s and Demographic Transition

SECTION-VII                                                                                                            04 Marks

1. Geography as the study of Environment
2. Definition, Scope and significance of Ecology
3. Concepts and broad types of eco-system
4. Classification and types of resources
5. Resource and environmental interface
6. Biotic and Abiotic resources

SECTION-VIII                                                                                                           04 Marks
1. India:- Relief and Physical divisions
2. Drainage systems;- Himalayan and Peninsular India
3. Climate:- General climatic conditions and seasonal variations
4. Characteristic features of Indian Monsoons
5. Soil:- Types and Distribution in India
6. Vegetation:- Types and distribution in India

SECTION-IX                                                                                                              04 Marks
1. India:- Agriculture and its characteristics
2. Distribution and Production of Rice, Wheat, Sugarcane and Tea in India
3. Green Revolution:- Achievements and Problems
4. Industries:- Classification and factors of localization
5. Major industrial regions of India
6. Distribution and production of Iron ore, Mica, Coal and Petroleum in India
7. Cotton textiles and Fertilizer industries in India

SECTION-X                                                                                                               04 Marks
1. J & K:- Relief and Physical divisions
2. Climate and Drainage system of J&K
3. Vegetation:- Types and distribution in J&K
4. Soil:- Types and Distribution in J&K
5. Population distribution, density and growth in J&K
6. Economy:- Agriculture with special references to horticulture and saffron
7. Tourism Industry and Power resources of J&K

SECTION-XI                                                                                                              04 Marks
1. Asia in the context of the world- Relief, Drainage, Climate
2. Asia:- Natural Vegetation and Soils
3. Distribution and density of population in Asia


4. Regional study of south-East Asia with reference to- (a) Plantation agriculture, (b) Coal and Petroleum
5. Australia- relief, drainage, climate
6. Australia:- Demographic characteristics
7. Study of Australia with reference to ranching

SECTION-XII                                                                                                            04 Marks
1. Europe- Relief, drainage, climate
2. Europe:- Demographic characteristics
3. Study of Denmark with special reference to dairy farming
4. North America in the context of the Atlantic states- relief, drainage
5. Climate and natural vegetation of North America
6. Demographic characteristics of North America
7. Study of USA with special reference to Industrial regions

SECTION-XIII                                                                                                           04 Marks
1. Definition, Types and elements of maps
2. Mapping techniques:- Isopleth, Choropleth, Choroschemetic and Chorochromatic
3. Types of Cartographic Symbols and their uses:- i. Points, ii. Lines, iii. Areas
4. Scales:- Definition, Classification, types and uses
5. Methods of showing relief features
6. Profiles:- Definition, types and uses

SECTION-XIV                                                                                                           04 Marks
1. Basic principles of land surveying
2. Meaning and scope of chain and tape survey
3. Plain table survey:- definition, types, accessories, procedure and precautions
4. Prismatic Compass Survey:- Open and Close traverse
5. Dumpy Level Survey:- definition, scope, accessories, procedure and precautions
6. Geomorphic and socio-economic field survey-Meaning, significance and procedure
7. Study and Interpretation of Survey of India (SOI) topographic maps of a hilly and plain area in respect of:- (i) Relief, (ii) Drainage, (iii) Settlement, (iv) Communication pattern
8. Remote sensing:- Definition, scope, types and applications
9. Computer Cartography:- Introduction and Relevance

SECTION-XV                                                                                                            04 Marks
1. Measures of Central Tendency:- Mean, Median, Mode and Partition values


2. Measures of Dispersion:- Mean deviation, Standard deviation
3. Coefficient of variation in data analysis
4. Correlation analysis:- Scatter diagram, Carl Pearson’s method
5. Map projection:- General principles and classification
6. Drawing graticules on the following Projections by graphical methods
(a) Simple Cylindrical projection, (b) Cylindrical Equal Area projection
(c) Mercator’s Projection, (d) Zenithal Projection
(d) Conical projection with one and two standard parallels

Sd:
Head of the Department