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Saturday, January 1, 2011

M.A History

M.A History

Note: The syllabus prescribed for the entrance test has been divided into fifteen units. Each unit carries a weightage of four marks. Paper setters are required to set four multiple choice type questions with only one correct or most appropriate answer separately for each unit, giving uniform representation to the whole syllabus contained therein.

History of Kashmir
Unit-1
A. Prehistoric Kashmir; Origin of Kashmir. Paleolithic and Neolithic Cultures. Early History
up-to 620 A.D. with special reference to the contacts with the neighboring territories.
B. Karkota Empire—Extent of the Empire, Administration, Art and Architecture with special reference to Lalitaditya.
C. Utpalas—Economic Development, Art and Architecture with special reference to
Avantivarman.

Unit-II
A. Loharas: Foundation of Lohara Dynasty—Role of Didda.
B. Harsha’s Administration and Policy; Kota Rani—Role; Damaras and the Decline of Lohara Dynasty.
C. Religious Developments; Naga Worship; Buddhism;Tantricism, Kashmiri Saivism.

Unit-III
A. Foundation of the Sultanate-Causes, Contribution of Shah Mir and Sultan Shihab’ud-Din.
B. Sultanate at Zenith; Achievements of Zain-ul Abidin.
C. Spread of Islam; Contribution of Sufis.
D. Rise and fall of Chaks.

Unit-IV
A. Mughal Conquest of Kashmir.
B. Kashmir under Mughals.
C. Kashmir under Afghans.
D. Kashmir under Sikhs

Unit-V
A. Foundation of Jammu and Kashmir State. Treaty of Amritsar.
B. British Policy towards Kashmir.
C. Nature of Dogra State-Polity, Economy.
D. European Impact: Education, Technology, Land Reforms

UNIT-VI
A. Emergence of Political Consciousness: Causes, 1931 Event, Formation of Muslim Conference, Glancy Commission.
B. Role of Muslim Conference and National Conference.
C. Partition and Kashmir: Ideological scenario of Kashmir on the eve of Partition; Kashmir
Question.
D. Kashmir between 1947-1953; Political and Economic Developments.

History of India
Unit-VII
A. Pre-History; Paleolithic, Mesolithic and Neolithic Cultures.
B. Harappan Civilization; Origin, Features and Decline;
C. Vedic Culture; Sources; Polity, Society and Religion of Early and Later Vedic Period
D. Religious Movements; Sources, Emergence, Expansion, Significance and Decline of Buddhism and Jainsim.
E. Janapadas and Mahajanapadas- Rise of Maghdha

Unit-VIII
A. The Mauryan Empire: Sources-Literary and Archaeological; Polity, Economy, Art And Architecture,
B. Ashoka’s Dhamma.
C. Downfall of the Empire.
D. India between 200 B.C.---300 A.D. (Sungas, Indo Greeks, Scythians and Khushans) Sources, Religion, Art and Trade.

Unit-IX
A. The Gupta Empire: Sources, Polity, Economy, Society, Religion, Art and Architecture; Decline of the Empire
B. Post –Gupta Period-Harshvardhana- Sources, Administration, State of Buddhism.
C. Arab Conquest of Sind and its Impact.
D. India on the eve of Turkish Conquest. (Invasions, Causes of Turkish Success)

Unit-X
A. Foundation of the Sultanate; Ghaznavid and Ghurid; Significance of the Turkish Conquest.
B. Expansion of the Sultanate under Khaljis and Tughluqs.
C. Challenge and Response; Internal and External problems and the Response of the State; (Iltumish, Razia, Balban, Alau’d-Din Khalji Muhammad Tughluq and Feroz Tughluq.)
D. Administrative Institutions; Kingship, Nobility and Iqta.
E. Sufism; Bhakti Movement—Emergence and Role

Unit-XI
A. Foundation of the Mughal Empire-Babur, Himayun; The Second Afghan Empire;
Contribution of Sher Shah
B. Consolidation of Mughal Empire-Political, Administrative and Religious Measures Of Akbar.
C. Jahangir and Shah Jahan-Political and Administrative Developments.
D. Administrative Institutions: Kingship, Jagir and Manasabdari system.
E. Aurangzeb-Deccan Policy, Internal Revolts.
F. Downfall of the Mughal Empire-Debate

Unit-XII
A. Expansion and consolidation of British Empire; Ideologies and Tools of Expansion.
B. Economic changes: Land Revenue Settlements; Commercialization of Agriculture,
Decline of Cottage Industries.
C. Drain of wealth.
D. Rise of Modern Industries.
E. Social changes-Spread of Western Education, Growth of Press; Socio-Religious Movements.

Unit-XIII
A. Resistance to Company’s Rule with Special Reference to the Revolt of 1857.
B. National Movement-Indian National Congress;
C. Moderates, Extremists.
D. Foundation of Muslim League-Causes

Unit-XIV
A. Constitutional Development: With special reference to 1909 and 1919.
B. Rise of Gandhi and the Nature of Gandhian Movements.
C. Act of 1935.
D. Indian Polity (1939-1947).

Unit-XV
A. Impact of the Second World War;
B. Quit India Movement,
C. Cabinet Mission, Mountbatten Plan.
D. Independence and Partition.